Upholstery cleaning as a whole is more challenging than maintaining your carpet in perfect condition, for example. The more expensive the fabric is the more challenges it is going to bring to the people maintaining it in terms of cleaning, sanitising, prevention from fading of the colour or discolouration, etc. The common inherent problems with upholstery are damaging of the fabric and fading of the colour.
Sunlight is the cause for damage and discolouration of the fabric whereas dirt and grime may affect the overall condition and make things even worse. Silk fabrics may become brittle due to staining from body oils and perspiration which makes the cleaning process even riskier. Excessive dirt on fabrics leads to permanent discolouration and staining. Older cushions containing latex foam are prone to yellowing or becoming crumbly with the years. Unfortunately, upholstery cleaning cannot fix fading problems due to the ageing of the fabrics.
Cleaning-related problems encompass bleeding or dye migration of the fabric, cellulosic browning, shrinkage, or texture change. Dye migration occurs around buttons and piping when dyes move from one damp area to another. Carpet cleaners can prevent cellulosic browning by controlling the moisture application, pH of the chemistry and thorough drying of the fabric.
Shrinkage problem is caused as a result of woven fibres swelling with moisture. Avoiding over-wetting will preserve the fabrics from shrinkage. Cushion covers should be cleaned on the cushion itself as machine washing may result in an uneven appearance of the upholstery fabric. Velvet pile fabrics are prone to texture change problems if the upholstery technician has not brushed the fabric down after wet cleaning. Velvet pile, natural or synthetic, should be groomed right after a water extraction maintenance treatment and always in the proper direction.